The Paris Agreement is an international contract created to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. It is a landmark environmental agreement that nations signed to address climate change and its effects.
The agreement includes efforts and measures from the major emitting countries to reduce their climate-changing pollution. The goal is to keep the increase in global average temperature to well below 2 °C (3.6 °F) above pre-industrial levels. And to pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5 °C (2.7 °F). Its adoption was in Paris, France, in December 2015. It comprises 189 member countries.
Didn’t The United States Already Withdraw?
According to the Paris Agreement, a country cannot give notice of withdrawal from the agreement before three years of its start date. This law was effective on November 4, 2016. Donald Trump planned to leave this agreement in his first year in office, but this rule hindered him.
On November 4, 2019, the administration gave notice of its intention to withdraw. This withdrawal takes 12 months to be active. The effective withdrawal date by the United States will be one day after the 2020 U.S presidential elections. They will abide by the process and maintain its commitments.
Can The United States re-join, Perhaps After The 2020 Election?
According to the Paris Agreement, any member that withdraws from the agreement can apply for readmission. This member can be back within 30 days. United States President Donald Trump has also expressed his willingness to re-join the accord, only if the deal’s terms become favorable to the United States.
Democratic Presidential Nominee Joe Biden also expressed his willingness to re-join the Paris Agreement if he is elected President of the United States. He sees the agreement as a Historical breakthrough for the world. So, yes, the United States can re-join at a later date.
Why Pull Out from An Agreement that Included Only Voluntary Pledges At First?
The U.S decision to pull out of the Paris agreement caused division amongst various sectors of the government. Some believe this agreement tramples upon U.S sovereignty. They have applauded President Trump for his decision to pull out of the deal. Others, mainly republican lawmakers, argue that cutting emissions could have a significant impact on economic growth. It would be expensive to carry out.
Industries in difficulties also supported the pulling out of the deal by President Trump. It will help them in generating more revenue. Overall, some other sectors support, while some oppose his decision to pull out.
Why Did Trump Decide to Withdraw from The Paris Agreement?
Firstly, the Trump Administration affiliates with fossil fuel industry groups. Most of them are petrochemically-driven. The agreement would not have been of benefit to them.
Secondly, he has never publicly acknowledged that climate change is real. He is skeptical about climate change happening. He has never yielded to the idea of it.
Also, President Trump believes that the Paris Agreement undermines U.S. competitive edge. In his opinion, it impairs both employment and traditional energy industries. He believes that the agreement weakens U.S. sovereignty.
In conclusion, Trump’s withdrawal was mainly because of U.S. domestic politics and personal preferences.
Four Reasons Trump was Right to Withdraw from The Paris Agreement
The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions was a bad deal for American taxpayers and every American who depended on renewable energy. It was not proper for the countries that remained in the agreement. It was also bad for energy-driven companies. Four reasons Trump was right to withdraw are:
The Paris Agreement was Costly and Ineffective
In withdrawing from the agreement, the Trump administration boosted the country’s economic growth by 3%. Those terms would have had unhealthy effects on the nation’s economy.
If carried out, the agreement would have destroyed many jobs; it would have also crippled manufacturing companies in the U.S.
The Agreement Wasted Taxpayer Money
Green Climate Fund (GCF)is a development by member countries in the Paris Agreement. The fund’s goal was to make green energy cheaper and affordable for climate adaptation in poorer nations.
The Obama administration wastefully shipped $1 billion in taxpayer dollars to this fund without permission from Congress.
Withdrawal Is a Demonstration of Leadership
The U.S. can resist pressure to protect American interests. They showed that by withdrawing from the Paris Agreement.
Some argued that it was a disgrace for the U.S. to concede leadership on global warming to countries like China. That is untrue.
Withdrawal Is Good for American Energy Competitiveness
The best way for American energy companies to remain competitive is to be innovative. Building market policies on the foreign agreement would further hinder this.
The energy market is about $6 trillion and is likely to grow by a third by 2040. The withdrawal from the deal would help achieve this
Why was Pulling Uut of The Paris Agreement Harmful to Everyone?
President Trump’s withdrawal from the agreement will make it more difficult for the Paris agreement to thrive. The U.S is a significant source of power and technology for developing countries. It is significant in their efforts to fight rising temperatures.
Some negative consequences of this withdrawal include the following;
President Trump’s decision gives China a unique chance to replace the U.S as a world power. That leaves the United States on the outside of the global community.
It weakens the stance of the U.S amid neighboring countries. They will cast doubts as to their dependence on foreign policies.
The impact of diseases related to air and water pollution will be devastating. The tally of the early deaths will also rise. There might be a loss of wildlife and species variety.
The number of deaths from pollution will drastically increase due to unchecked fossil burnings and carbon exposure.
This withdrawal could make the United States appear less reliable as a negotiating partner. It could make it harder for the United States to secure foreign partners abroad.
Calling on other countries to abide by their commitments would be extremely difficult. And that is because of the inconsistency with foreign policies.
Due to withdrawal from the agreement, the emission will increase. The U.S makes use of fossil fuels extensively. The import and export of fuel products is also a chief source of the country’s wealth.
The US is the world’s largest crude oil and gas producer, which will increase emissions.
The intention of the U.S to leave the agreement sparked concern amongst member countries. This concern is due to how influential the U.S is. Member countries consider leaving the Paris agreement due to the role the U.S had in finance and technology. It was not the same for other countries.
Unemployment levels rose due to withdrawal from the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement, according to predictions, will create 24 million jobs by 2030. This job creation would have helped reduce unemployment in the U.S.
The implication is the hindering of economic growth. There will be a reduction in the labor force for the production of goods and services.
Prospects for Compliance with Paris Agreement
Firstly, U.S. withdrawal undermines the strength of the Paris Agreement. This agreement is the cornerstone of the global climate scheme. U.S. exit as a climate contributor considerably agrees to look weak and shaky.
Secondly, the U.S. refusal of responsibilities exacerbates the leadership deficit in global climate leadership.
The U.S. joint leadership, the EU, and China were instrumental in making the Paris Agreement. The absence of the U.S in this agreement shows a lack of leadership.
Finally, the U.S. withdrawal will drastically reduce the chances of achieving the Paris Agreement’s target and may even render it unattainable.
In conclusion, the U.S. withdrawal will make it extremely difficult to attain these goals. The Paris Agreement’s target may never come true. The withdrawal undermines the foundation of global climate leadership and changes the balance of world climate cooperation.
It should be reiterated that the U.S. is not to be left out; no international climate policy thrives effectively in the absence of the U.S. The U.S. has caused significant loss to other members by leaving the Paris Agreement. The best option would be to bring the U.S. back.
The Trump administration can significantly enhance the chances of achieving this goal. If this happens, the future looks bright.