Water is nature’s most popular and sought after resources. And it is the key to survival because we need it daily. One can survive without food but cannot stay long without water. Almost 60% of our body is made of water, and we cannot survive without it. Most importantly, it is an essential nutrient that plays an important role in the body. So, this article focuses on the effects of water on our health.
Water makes the assimilation of minerals and other substances in the body possible. Also, it regulates body temperature and eliminates waste and toxins. The entire human system, including the vital organs, needs water to perform effectively. Therefore, read on to know more about the effects of water.
Positive Effects of Drinking Water
The following are the reasons you should develop a good water drinking habit.
However, difficulty in bowel movements could be a result of dehydration. Also, consuming fiber is not the only method for preventing constipation. It is crucial to maintain your water intake to ease the symptoms of the condition. Lack of water, magnesium, and fiber can cause constipation.
Makes Excretion Easier
Sweating, urination, and bowel movements are possible as a result of water. Meanwhile, it is through sweating that our body temperature is being regulated. And anytime you exercise, or during warm temperatures, your body loses water. Thus, our body requires water to make up for the lost fluid.
Whenever you urinate, your kidney flushes waste. Therefore, you need to take enough water adequately to enable it to function effectively. As a result, you’ll be free of any diseases such as kidney stones.
Formation of Saliva
Our saliva is made up of water as the main constituent. And it helps us digest food easier. Again, adequate fluid intake produces enough saliva. What’s more, it contains little traces of electrolyte, mucus, and enzymes. Thus, the mouth, nose, and eyes remain moist because of saliva.
Also, it helps prevent friction and damage. Drinking water helps the mouth stay clean, thereby preventing tooth decay. Note that your saliva may reduce due to age or medication.
Regulation of Body Temperature
Staying hydrated helps maintain homeostasis. That is because water escapes from the body through sweat during exercise or hot weather.
Meanwhile, sweat may help your body stay cool only if you consume enough water. However, your body temperature may kick up if you’re unable to replace the lost fluid. That happens due to the loss of electrolytes and plasma as a result of dehydration. Anyway, if you sweat too much, take enough fluids to prevent dehydration.
Protection of The Tissues, Joints, and Spinal Cord
Dehydration could influence brain formation and function. Fortunately, consuming water enables the lubrication and cushioning of the spinal cord, joints, and tissues. Thus, you’ll enjoy exercising due to lessened discomfort that may result from issues like arthritis. However, staying dehydrated for too long could result in difficulties in thinking and reasoning.
Experts reveal that adequate water intake before, during, and after eating prevents indigestion. That is possible because it helps to enhance metabolism, breaking the food very easily.
Helps in Weight Loss
Taking water instead of sweetened beverages could aid in weight loss. Also, consuming more water during dieting and exercising may promote shedding of extra pounds.
Maximizing Physical Performance
Nevertheless, it is essential to consume enough water while exercising. That is because hydration could influence your endurance and strength. Moreover, some sports activities could make you vulnerable to the effects of dehydration. There’re side effects if one exercises under the heat without drinking enough water. So, be mindful as severe dehydration could result in seizures or even death.
Promotes Absorption of Nutrients
Besides, breaking down food, water could aid in dissolving minerals and nutrients in food. From there, your body utilizes the dissolved nutrients. And, it makes it easy for them to reach the different parts of the body.
Taking more water could help prevent certain ailments. These include constipation, kidney stone, hypertension, urinary tract infection, and so on.
What’s more, water aids in the absorption of vital nutrients to help the body stay healthy.
Surprisingly, inadequate intake of water could alter one’s mood. However, dehydration could lead to fatigue and uncertainty, including anxiety.
Promotes Cognitive Function
Proper hydration is vital to an excellent cognitive structure. Researches indicate that the inability to take enough water could lead to some cognitive behaviors. As a result, one can have problems with focus, alertness, and short-term memory.
Boosts Skin Beauty
Proper hydration could make the skin susceptible to skin conditions and untimely wrinkling. Also, it could promote collagen production.
Prevention of Total Dehydration
Dehydration is the inability of the body to generate enough fluid. Meanwhile, water is ideal for several bodily functions, thereby making dehydration very dangerous.
Severe dehydration could cause serious challenges, including kidney failure, seizures, and swelling of the brain. Therefore, take plenty of water to replace the one lost through sweating and urinating to avoid dehydration.
Boosting of Energy
Daily water intake may activate your metabolism. Boosting metabolism has a positive effect on energy levels.
How Much Should You Drink?
It is ideal to pay attention to the quantity of water you take daily to achieve optimal health. Drinking water whenever you are thirsty helps regulate daily water intake. Meanwhile, the food we eat provides about 20% of water.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineers, and Medicine says that the required quantity of water to meet an individual’s needs are:
- At least 15.5 cups of water every day for men
- At least 11.5 cups of water each day for women
Besides, the percentage of water we get from food, the rest depends on drinking water and beverages. Preferably men ought to consume almost 3.0 liters of water from beverages. On the other hand, women ought to consume 2.12 liters.
Increasing your water intake during physical activity could prevent dehydration. Moreover, you can determine hydration through your thirst and urine color. A feeling of thirst shows that your body requires adequate hydration. Dark or colored urine shows that you are dehydrated. On the other hand, pale or non-colored urine shows proper hydration.
Is Your Water Clean?
Of course, different pesticides and chemicals pollute our water. However, waters that contain low amounts of BPA could affect the cognitive development of babies. Since we use water for many things, polluted water could affect our everyday lives.
Further, clean drinkable water is vital to our survival. To date, many communities don’t have access to this basic commodity. Also, there is a gradual increase in death rates due to water-borne diseases. Most fresh waters are threatened by pollution as a result of low wastage.
Sources of water pollution include:
- Oil spillage
- Acid rain due to the burning of fossil fuels
- Littering of items inside rivers, oceans, etc.
- Dumping of chemicals from factories
How Do Different Types of Water Affect Your Health?
No other fluid can be compared to water as it is the source of life. But we don’t know the best water for our health. Below are how the different types of water affect our health:
Filtered Tap Water
A lot of people take tap water daily, and it is trendy in some countries. Fortunately, filtered tap water could eliminate contaminants that could affect water. However, getting rid of contaminants in the water is not easy. Therefore, you have to get your water tested by a certified lab to ensure its purity. Above all, endeavor to maintain your filtration system so that contaminants will not accumulate.
Bottled water is gradually making waves globally. That is because users attest to quality as the reason behind the purchase. But do you consider tap water the best for you over tap water? Though it is costly, yet it is not considered healthier than tap water. Most bottled waters contain a mineral boost that may be good for the body. But, contaminants could enter it straight from the water plant.
Distilled water is the type of water that undergoes boiling before the steam is condensed into a liquid. The method eliminates impurities from water, likewise vitamins and minerals. Therefore, distilled water lacks vital minerals and calcium, unlike tap water.
Straight Tap Water
Some particular chemicals and minerals in tap water helps regulate the safety of tap water. And that is according to the Environmental Protection Agency. The water contains some additives, including fluoride, to enhance dental health. Also, they include chlorine to kill bacteria.
Tap water poses some risk due to the break in the waterline. Moreover, lead could also get into your water as even lead-free pipes are not an exception. Therefore, you might need a water filter to enable your tap to undergo additional filtration.
Negative Effects of Water Pollution on Human Health
The causes of water pollution are many. However, the negative effects of water pollution on human health include:
Polluted water is the number one carrier of bacteria that causes cholera. However, many people are dying from the condition. Sometimes it has moderate or no symptoms, but an infected person may experience vomiting, watery stools, etc.
Dysentery is the inflammation of the intestines accompanied by bloody diarrhea. Anyway, the causative agent could be a parasite, virus, or bacteria seen in polluted waters. Symptoms include stomach pain, diarrhea, and cramping.
- Hepatitis A and E
Hepatitis A could be transmitted through polluted food or water. It is a highly contagious liver infection. However, symptoms include stomach pains, nausea, and jaundice.
Hepatitis E is another form of liver condition. And it often results due to contaminated water. Symptoms include vomiting, joint pain, etc.
Surprisingly, we cannot overemphasize the positive effects of water on our daily wellbeing. Your body needs enough water to maintain its state of being. Also, it helps improve overall wellbeing. So, it is ideal for you to carry a bottle of water anywhere you go to avoid dehydration. Drinking water in place of soda could aid weight loss.