This U.S. agricultural legislation dates back to 1933, with the Agricultural Adjustment Act. This Act created several mechanisms to support farmers, such as price support programs and direct payments. In addition, the government established supply controls to alleviate the problem of overproduction.
Since then, Congress has passed a new law intending to update the support programs every five years. With these updates, new objectives and programs have been incorporated. One of the most important of these was the inclusion of food stamps in the mid-1970s. These today represent almost three-quarters of the law’s budget.
During the period from 2019 to 2023, people project that more than 76% of spending (US$326 billion) will go to nutrition programs. These are food stamps or consumption subsidies for the most disadvantaged sectors of the country.
This time we are talking about the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018. This has a budget that will reach, combining agriculture and nutrition programs, US $428 billion over five years and US $867 billion over ten years.
Farm Bill 2018
Recently (2018), the U.S. Senate passed legislation legalizing hemp in its entirety. This news turns out to be a good one for many farmers. This will bring them benefits by allowing farmers to insure their crops and produce and gain access to state water. With these, they will be able to obtain loans and subsidies as farmers. They will also be able to have access to bank deposits, among others.
This is the “Farm Bill” of 2018. This measure amends the Controlled Substances Act. Congress, with this bill, revoked hemp from being a category one controlled substance and made it a product of everyday life. The same measure mandates all states to create regulations. A regulation that explains how to handle and treat hemp in their jurisdictions. The regulation and draft will be under the guidelines of each state’s Department of Agriculture.
This new legislation does not allow hemp to be grown freely. What it does is open the way for applicants with a permit to grow hemp. This was something that until now could only be done through a state educational pilot program.
“Under the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp is treated like other agricultural commodities in many ways”.
This measure would also legalize all parts of the plant. Also, provide the industry with the legality in the financial and banking processes. In the same way, it protects farmers from selling and exporting their products, among other advantages.
This is the first time Congress has discussed hemp in legislation where federal subsidies are involved. On the other hand, the U.S Food and Drug Administration, better known as the FDA, will be very attentive to the safety of all hemp products.
What Is Hemp?
The industrial hemp plant is one of the oldest domesticated crops known to man. Some people even use it in the paper and textile industries. It is a very acrobatic, erect, aromatic herb with thin hollow tips and a base. Also, it has broad, palm-shaped compound leaves. In the female plant, you will notice small greenish-yellow flowers and some spike-like clusters on the pistil. In the male species, the pollen-producing spikes form clusters on the stem.
This variety of cannabis plants contains negligible amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and therefore cannot get you high. Most people grow it for its natural healing properties, leaves, seeds, stem, and fiber. People also use it as a valued industrial variant. It tends to produce best in warm climate regions with good soil and rich in organic substrates.
People try to avoid areas with high rainfall and have the soil tested for potassium, phosphate, and sulfate levels for best yields. Under relatively stable conditions, the plant grows in approximately 108 to 120 days.
Cannabidiol in Hemp Industry
“The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp, which includes low-THC derivatives of cannabis, such as CBD products, from the definition of marijuana in the CSA.” Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of several chemical compounds called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Be careful not to confuse it with another cannabinoid, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the component in marijuana that gets people high.
Scientists have identified about a hundred natural chemicals in the cannabis plant. The most abundant is cannabidiol (CBD), making up 45% of the plant’s extract. This compound is gaining more and more importance because it lacks psychoactive effects, so it does not cause the active effects of THC (tachycardia, anxiety attacks, etc.).
The properties of cannabidiol have been studied since the 1960s. The studies carried out to date, including those of the World Health Organization (WHO), show that we are talking about a powerful painkiller, antioxidant, analgesic, anti-nausea, and anti-inflammatory. The proof of the benefits of this product is the excellent results it is obtaining in patients with pathologies and chronic pain, such as Parkinson’s or Fibromyalgia.
Legalizing Hemp Products
Researchers have given the name Hemp to a group of plants of the Cannabis family. The most famous of such plants is Marijuana. Many countries have banned the cultivation of hemp plants in all of their forms due to their recreational uses and applications.
However, beyond its consumption, a great controversy has developed. This silver has accompanied humanity throughout most of its history due to its natural qualities.
These are some of the uses of hemp:
- Making textile fibers and cordage.
- Production of ecological fuels and lubricants.
- Production of ecological materials.
- Manufacture of paper.
- Use as food.
- Medicinal purposes.
The United States now produces the third largest amount of hemp in the world. The growing market for CBD, in addition to other uses for hemp, along with the gradual reduction of laws on the cultivation, processing, and production of hemp products, contribute to the growing U.S. hemp economy.
The U.S. recently made a list last year with the 2018 hemp acreage report. With 78,176 total acres cultivated in as many as 23 states, the country experienced a massive expansion that earned a spot on this list. Thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill that legalized harvesting across the country, there is a chance that the U.S. will continue to climb this list. Right now,
Most of the hemp that is produced in the United States is to produce CBD. Other hemp forms, generally used in textiles, fabrics, or hemp, are often imported. We can expect that the United States will not only grow more hemp but also more forms of the plant in the coming years.
Humanity has highly valued hemp, a species of the cannabis plant, through its history due to its fibers and seeds. For many decades hemp was illegal to grow in the U.S. That all changed in late 2018 with the passage of a law that included the legalization of marijuana production.
This paved the way for the resurgence of this versatile plant while also creating a strange history of confusion and ignorance that led to making hemp illegal in the United States. Legislative hysteria over recreational drug use in the 1960s led to the ill-advised Controlled Substances Act of 1970.
Hemp and marijuana were lumped together as Schedule One substances, meaning they were “drugs with a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use.” This made sense for marijuana, but for hemp, it was utterly ridiculous.